Available Until 5/31/2026

Practical Training in Compounding Sterile Preparations Certificate

Release DateMay 31, 2023 
Expiration Date: May 31, 2026
Activity Type: Application-based and Knowledge-based
CE Credit Hour(s): (no partial credit): up to 22.25 contact hours (see below for details)

Activity Overview

This self-guided, online learning activity is intended for pharmacy technicians and pharmacists who wish to build their knowledge and skills in compounding sterile preparations. It is a PTCB-recognized sterile compounding education/training program for pharmacy technicians pursuing the PTCB Compounded Sterile Preparation Technician® (CSPT®) certification. 

The activities incorporate the updated USP <797> standards that will become effective on November 1, 2023. 

The activities will cover sterile preparation practice standards and regulations, pharmacy calculations, facilities and equipment, cleanroom personnel behaviors and expectations, sterile compounding components and procedures, stability and sterility, nonsterile to sterile compounding, hazardous drugs, and all aspects of handling from material receipt to final check or disposal. 

After completing all of the modules, participants should be proficient in the fundamental concepts required to ensure safe and compliant sterile preparations

Professional Certificate Requirement 

Successful completion of an online comprehensive exam and specified practice exercises is required to earn the professional certificate. 

Once a learner has successfully completed the educational curriculum, they will have the opportunity to complete the online comprehensive exam. If the learner successfully completes the exam (minimum 80% passing rate; unlimited attempts permitted), they must then complete and submit videos and other supporting documentation of practice exercises demonstrating the learner’s knowledge and competency in garb and glove procedures, gloved fingertip testing, aseptic technique in horizontal and vertical airflow, laminar airflow workbench cleaning, and media fill. Content experts review these demonstrations and, if approved, the learner will be awarded the professional certificate.

A learner is allowed up to three attempts on practice exercises.  Learners must have access to a cleanroom to complete these practice exercises.

The American Society of Health-System Pharmacists is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education as a provider of continuing pharmacy education with Commendation.

This activity is intended for pharmacy technicians and pharmacists involved in or interested in learning more about compounding sterile preparations and serves as a preparatory course for the PTCB Certified Compounded Sterile Preparation Technician® (CSPT®) certification exam.

Introduction to Compounding Sterile Preparations

ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-790-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Knowledge-based

  • List the standards of practice that apply to sterile compounding in the United States.
  • Identify best practices to ensure sterile compounding safety.
  • Explain the role of the compounder in assuring the safety of compounded sterile preparations. 

Practical Pharmacy Calculations
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-791-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • Calculate doses in both weight and volume using proportions with concentrations expressed as fractions, percents, and ratios.
  • Use common conversions to perform sterile compounding calculations.
  • Select quantity of dosage units required to supply an order for a specified time period.
  • Calculate infusion rates.
  • Apply the alligation method to calculate parts of two solutions with different concentrations to compound a solution with a different desired concentration. 

Overview of Compounding Facilities and Engineering Controls
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-792-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • Describe the primary engineering controls used in sterile compounding.
  • Explain the principles of generating a laminar airflow environment in the primary engineering control.
  • Identify the secondary engineering control elements in a clean room environment.
  • Differentiate between a segregated compounding area and a clean room.
  • Discuss essential design elements for a sterile compounding facility.
  • Analyze the advantages and disadvantages of available finish materials. 

Cleanroom Personnel Basics
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-793-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • Identify sources of contamination within the cleanroom.
  • List work behaviors required to prevent the introduction of contaminants into the cleanroom environment.
  • Evaluate appropriate hand hygiene technique.
  • Describe donning and doffing procedures for personal protective equipment used in cleanrooms.
  • Contrast garb and glove requirements and procedures for non-hazardous and hazardous compounding.
  • List core competencies required for sterile compounding personnel.
  • Describe the testing requirements to assess appropriate garbing and aseptic technique.
  • Design a training program to ensure mastery of core competencies by sterile compounding personnel. 

Materials, Equipment, and Resources for Compounding Sterile Preparations
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-794-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • List basic compounding supplies.
  • Differentiate between the critical sites and non-critical sites on syringes, needles, vials, and bags.
  • Assess a vial’s medication label to determine number of doses and ingredients.
  • Select appropriate compounding materials based on review of medication order.
  • Differentiate between the types of automated compounder pumps used in compounding sterile preparations.
  • Choose the appropriate compounding equipment needed for various situations.
  • Interpret several types of patient medication labels.
  • Create a master formulation record and a compounding record.
  • Use tertiary resources to find necessary drug information. 

Stability, Sterility, and Beyond-Use Dates
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-795-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • List factors that influence beyond-use date assignments for compounded sterile preparations.
  • Describe physical and chemical compatibility criteria for components.
  • Apply USP <797> risk categories to assigning a proper beyond-use date for compounded sterile preparations.
  • Recommend a beyond-use date for a final compounded sterile preparation using evidence-based information. 

Mastering Aseptic Technique
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-796-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • Define the concept of “first air”.
  • Contrast the location of the direct compounding area in horizontal and vertical airflow.
  • Describe proper methods for disinfecting critical sites on commonly used sterile components.
  • Differentiate workflow steps and best practices associated with compounding in a horizontal laminar airflow workbench and a compounding aseptic isolator.
  • Describe techniques for reconstituting sterile powders.
  • Evaluate placement of hands to prevent disruption of airflow to critical sites when reconstituting powders and withdrawing diluent or medication from vials.
  • Summarize various strategies used to prevent the potential for coring vial stoppers.
  • Recommend compounding techniques and behaviors that should be used to prevent and address a sharps injury. 

Dosage Forms, Administration, and Special Compounding Considerations
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-797-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • Describe the dosage forms, preparation requirements, and routes of administration.
  • Differentiate between small and large volume parenterals.
  • Discuss appropriate routes of administration for compounded sterile preparations.
  • Explain the components and role of parenteral nutrition.
  • Evaluate parenteral nutrition orders and processes.
  • Assess automated compounding devices for safety, interoperability, and overall functionality.
  • Describe techniques for compounding medication cassettes.
  • Calculate doses and infusion rates used with medication cassettes.
  • Explain how to accurately measure components using principles of volumetric accuracy.
  • Describe techniques for compounding ‘specials’ including epidural, intrathecal, and ophthalmic preparations.
  • Differentiate situations when sterile filtration and/or preservative-free ingredients must be utilized when compounding special administration medications. 

Non-sterile to Sterile Compounding
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-798-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • Summarize the requirements in section 503A of the Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act regarding compounding with bulk active pharmaceutical ingredients.
  • Apply USP <797> standards and guidelines to non-sterile to sterile compounding.
  • Differentiate between best practices and regulatory guidance.
  • Discuss key requirements for installation, calibration, and maintenance of equipment used in non-sterile to sterile compounding.
  • Describe validation processes for sterilization equipment.
  • Compare terminal and aseptic sterilization.
  • Calculate endotoxin limits for final products.
  • Summarize sterility testing requirements outlined in USP <71>.
  • Explain best practice quality assurance standards for non-sterile to sterile compounding. 

Maintaining the Cleanroom Environment
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-799-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • Contrast the roles engineering and administrative controls have in maintaining a cleanroom environment.
  • Discuss principles to consider when implementing design and cleaning processes to ensure and maintain high quality aseptic compounding practices.
  • Differentiate key roles, purpose, and scope of staff working in the cleanroom.
  • Assess the different reagents and processes used to clean primary engineering controls.
  • Describe how to clean primary and secondary engineering controls used for compounding hazardous and non-hazardous preparations to ensure regulatory compliance.
  • Summarize how cleaning regimens impact environmental monitoring results.
  • Design an environmental monitoring performance qualification plan including regularly scheduled monitoring.
  • Recommend appropriate action plans based on personnel and environmental monitoring data. 

Handling Hazardous Drugs: Part 1
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-800-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • Describe the key requirements of USP <800> Hazardous Drugs – Handling in Healthcare Settings, including limiting risk to personnel, facility design, and safe work practices.
  • Define the scope of USP <800>.
  • Categorize the handling of hazardous drugs in your organization to determine their eligibility for inclusion in your Assessment of Risk.
  • Create an acknowledgement of risk document.
  • List questions relevant to your organization after reviewing USP <800>.
  • Assess your organization's current compliance with USP <800>.
  • Evaluate the organization's storage and compounding areas.
  • List the three types of containment primary engineering controls used for compounding hazardous drugs.
  • List the two types of containment secondary engineering controls used for storage and compounding hazardous drugs.
  • Analyze your organization's most recent certification report.
  • Interpret pressure gradients, air flow direction, and air changes per hour. 

Handling Hazardous Drugs: Part 2
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-801-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • List the key responsibilities of the Designated Person.
  • Differentiate personal protective equipment used in hazardous drug compounding from that used in non-hazardous compounding.
  • Describe work practice from receiving through compounding.
  • Design a policy and procedure for handling spills.
  • Apply appropriate strategies to achieve compliance identified in gap analyses.
  • Create a checklist that can be used for daily, monthly, and annual monitors for facilities and personnel. 

Compounding Process: Sourcing Through Final Check or Disposal
ACPE #: 0204-0000-23-802-H07-P & T
Activity Type: Application-based

  • Choose appropriate methods to verify the appropriateness of source ingredients.
  • List cold-chain requirements for refrigerated and frozen products.
  • Identify USP <797> requirements and best practices to introduce materials into a controlled environment.
  • Differentiate storage requirements for hazardous and non-hazardous drugs.
  • Compare cleanroom storage options for high-risk medications, controlled drugs, investigational drugs, non-sterile bulk ingredients, and bulk chemicals.
  • Define preparation labeling guidance and best practices.
  • Apply FDA repackaging guidance to sterile preparations.
  • Differentiate the elements of a master formulation record and a compounding record.
  • Compare the advantages and disadvantages of available final preparation verification methods.
  • Describe the requirements and best practices for controlled substance documentation.
  • Compare storage options for finished compounded sterile preparations prior to administration.
  • Describe requirements and best practices for transport of finished sterile preparations within and outside of the facility.
  • Identify appropriate waste streams for unused compounded sterile preparations, controlled drugs, and used supplies.

Learning Activity

ACPE Number

Contact Hours

Introduction to Compounding Sterile Preparations

0204-0000-23-790-H07-P & T


Practical Pharmacy Calculations

0204-0000-23-791-H07-P & T


Overview of Compounding Facilities and Engineering Controls

0204-0000-23-792-H07-P & T


Cleanroom Personnel Basics

0204-0000-23-793-H07-P & T


Materials, Equipment, and Resources for Compounding Sterile Preparations

0204-0000-23-794-H07-P & T


Stability, Sterility, and Beyond-Use Dates

0204-0000-23-795-H07-P & T


Mastering Aseptic Technique

0204-0000-23-796-H07-P & T


Dosage Forms, Administration, and Special Compounding Considerations

0204-0000-23-797-H07-P & T


Non-sterile to Sterile Compounding

0204-0000-23-798-H07-P & T


Maintaining the Cleanroom Environment

0204-0000-23-799-H07-P & T


Handling Hazardous Drugs: Part 1

0204-0000-23-800-H07-P & T


Handling Hazardous Drugs: Part 2

0204-0000-23-801-H07-P & T


Compounding Process: Sourcing Through Final Check or Disposal

0204-0000-23-802-H07-P & T


  →  Final Assessment (80% passing score required)

Cindy Brasher, PharmD, MS, BCSCP
Manager of Compounding
St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital
Memphis, Tennessee 

Matthew M. Brown, PharmD, DPLA, MLS(ASCP)
Pharmacy Manager, Duke Compounding Facility
Duke University Health System
Durham, North Carolina

Ashley M. Duty, PharmD, MS, BCSCP, FASHP
Director of Inpatient Pharmacy Operations
Nationwide Children’s Hospital
Columbus, Ohio 

Michael Ganio, PharmD, MS, BCSCP, FASHP
Senior Director, Pharmacy Practice and Quality
Bethesda, Maryland 

Kevin N. Hansen, PharmD, MS, BCSCP
Director of Pharmacy Compounding Services
Cone Health
Greensboro, North Carolina 

Jaclyn Jaskowiak, PharmD, BCPS, BCSCP
Inpatient Pharmacist Specialist, Compounding Compliance and Operations
UC San Diego Health
La Jolla, California 

Adam M. Jones, PharmD, MBA, BCSCP
Pharmacy Manager
University of Iowa Hospitals & Clinics
Adjunct Associate Professor
University of Iowa College of Pharmacy
Iowa City, Iowa 

Patricia C. Kienle, RPh, MPA, BCSCP, FASHP
Director, Accreditation and Medication Safety
Cardinal Health
Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania 

Lynda Kiliany, PharmD, BCSCP
Coordinator IV Therapy
Cleveland Clinic Akron General
Akron, Ohio 

Joanna Robinson, PharmD, MS, BCSCP
Pharmacy Operations Manager
The University of Kansas Health System
Kansas City, Kansas

Majid Tanas, PharmD, MHA, MS, FASHP
Vice-President of Pharmacy Services, Chief Pharmacy Officer
Legacy Health System
Portland, Oregon 

DeeAnn Wedemeyer-Oleson, PharmD, MHA, CPHQ, CPPS
Director, Scientific Projects, Special Projects
Bethesda, Maryland 

Angela Yaniv, PharmD, BCSCP
Director - Sterile Products
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio

In accordance with our accreditor’s Standards of Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education, ASHP requires that all individuals in control of content disclose all financial relationships with ineligible companies. An individual has a relevant financial relationship if they have had a financial relationship with ineligible company in any dollar amount in the past 24 months and the educational content that the individual controls is related to the business lines or products of the ineligible company.

An ineligible company is any entity producing, marketing, re-selling, or distributing health care goods or services consumed by, or used on, patients. The presence or absence of relevant financial relationships will be disclosed to the activity audience.

The following persons in control of this activity’s content have relevant financial relationships:

  • No one in control of the content of this activity has a relevant financial relationship (RFR) with an ineligible company.

All other persons in control of content do not have any relevant financial relationships with an ineligible company.

As required by the Standards of Integrity and Independence in Accredited Continuing Education definition of ineligible company, all relevant financial relationships have been mitigated prior to the CPE activity.

This online activity consists of a combined total of 13 learning modules. Pharmacy technicians and pharmacists are eligible to receive a total of 22.25 hours of continuing education credit by completing all 13 modules within this professional certificate. 

Participants must participate in the entire activity and complete the evaluation and all required components to claim continuing pharmacy education credit online at ASHP Learning Center. Follow the prompts to claim credit and view your statement of credit within 60 days of completing the activity.